Thanks for the help anyway! As for the 2. Note that before going off and encoding hundreds of videos, it can help to do a few test encodes on the same episode, using different presets. Compare the file sizes afterwards if using Constant Quality and see if the time tradeoff is worth it to you.
If using Average Bitrate instead of Constant Quality, compare the quality of the videos afterwards, and again, weigh it against the time it took. When I watch the progress of an encode I see fluctuations in fps. This could be do to some episodes containing relatively quiet, low complexity scenes, vs others having a lot of motion and detail. A simplified version of why, even keeping all settings the same, the encode time vs a similar source cannot be predicted precisely. Great Website Matt.
But I have to say your HB information is some of the best currently on the web. Amazing content, thanks so much! Rare to find info this good or complete even in the official documentation!! It helped heaps… and I learned a lot too. Someone who actually explains how some of these settings actually work. Thanks so much for takin the time to write this up. Extremely helpful. One thing, though. Quality depends on the RF setting. Why should I choose a transcoding that is slower and at the same time gives me a larger MP4 file? Being as easy as shifting a slider to swap between these settings is an added bonus.
The way you stated it is fairly accurate too. There are a few situations where using the Advanced settings to fine tune something can make sense, but most of them are edge cases or used by people who are looking for something very specific. On to the speed settings ultrafast, medium, placebo, etc , they affect both avg bitrate slower settings tend to increase quality and CQ slower settings tend to reduce file size.
MP4 Picture: Anamorrphic is set to Strict. Cropping is set to Automatic. Display size is by default: Rest is unaltered. High — H. Burned In Danish subtitles Chapters: But I have a couple of questions for you. I7 2Ghz, 3. Yeah my server is capable of dual booting, but I would rather not mess with that can of worms just to test an idea. I loosely budget around an hour or so of encode time for 1-hour episodes from DVD. Good luck! Hello Matt! First of all, thank you for supplying such a great in-depth look into Handbrake and explaining every point.
Got me testing quite a bit! I am wondering though, which settings would you chose for BluRay, since most of the time you talk about DVD which has a lower Source Quality already. I tried all the advanced setting from your 0. Turning up the Ref-Frames to 6 and Subpixel to 9 gave me an overall higher Bitrate for the File with a slightly larger File. I figure, a higher Bitrate of the encoded File is better? I am just now encoding the file again, this time with the new x settings , using Preset Medium, Film, High and L4.
Could you recommend something just for BluRay? If I can give just one tip, it would be: Note that Jan reported the same thing about 2 months ago. Would you mind trying these experiments yourself with a DVD? Do you have an explanation? Much smaller file size than expected on all 3 sources I tried. Bit of an update: Matt, you are misunderstanding what presets do. The veryfast preset at, for example RF22, outputs at a lower bitrate and lower overall quality than the fast preset at RF My recommendation, if time is tight but you still want lower filesizes, is to use the FAST preset and tweak the CRF until you get the desired filesize.
Pass 1: Analyze every frame of the input video and write a file that describes how detailed each frame is. Pass 2: For instance, it might pick CRF In other words: All x video encoding is variable-bitrate by definition. It only ever uses as many bits for each frame as that individual frame requires for storage. The more advanced settings you enable, the more data it can compress into fewer bits, through using more advanced techniques. Higher Rate Factors means that we allow more deviation, which in turn means that the algorithms are allowed to throw away more and more detail, which in turn means lower and lower filesizes but also more and more blurry and visibly compressed videos.
However, x is an extremely advanced encoder and it will optimize the encoding so that it throws away imperceptible details first. The first things to go will be dark shadow details, noise, etc. So pick a preset from one of: If you need to hit a specific filesize, then use the Average Bitrate mode instead. Just be sure that you really NEED to hit a specific size, otherwise you are just wasting your time by letting x pick a CRF that you could have set yourself.
Just to clarify here too, small counter-intuitive variances in filesize based on the preset happens quite a bit. A common one is that placebo often ends up being very slightly larger than veryslow, despite the more reference frames available, and the more thorough motion estimation and mode decision in placebo. I rendered a Batman Arkham City video that is about 8. When I finished rendering the file, which took about 44 minutes in Sony Vegas Pro Then, I imported it into Handbrake and want to encode it into the H. The encoding took about an hour. I want to be able to get the best 4K video quality after exporting it from Vegas using Handbrake.
I am converting mkv-files to mp4-files with handbrake 0. I need to burn-in subtitles, because I need to play the file on my tv which has an USB entry but no subtitle menu. Basically load your original file, load the subtitle track, and save it as a a new file. But Handbrake should see the subtitle track as being built-in and let you burn it in. Thank you for a very well written guide, I googled this topic to death and this guide is by far the best one I have come across.
Hi Matt — Great info thanks. Have you ever had the problem of encoding large files and then they dissppear when Handbrake is finished? So be aware of that. I would like to know if you have a preset for handbrake that allows me to create awesome quality files for bluray authoring in adobe Encore! Hi there Matt, thank you very much for this tutorial! Hi, i have another question: Ok, I am not as astute on the video as most of you are. The default for handbrake is like x but in the first article it talks about true p of x , So when using Handbrake after ripping what should you set the size for?
Those high resolution BluRay encodes are going to take up a lot of disk space though. You might find parts of it helpful. It can be found at http: Generally I am following most of your recommended settings. Everything else looks great but if it a black night scene or whatever the black areas are awful, like bug black pixels. The non-black areas in the same scene look good. As there motion the black area lack along all pixel like. Please help!!! I do not care about file size or time to rip.
Try it on a small test sample first. I guess you telling saying better with H? Regarding the anamorphic, I thought if I went loose with mod 16 I could land up with a slightly bigger image that would minimize the black borders at top and bottom for movies shot this way. That is to say, it still a long rectangle either way, it is just about maximizing the height of that rectangle to use the most part of my TV real estate screen when playing on a so called HD, As for the other questions:.
Matt, once again thank you for your advice. I wished I knew about your site 3 months ago. So here is where I landed. Going with with HIGH and 4. RF I am left with a VERY sharp image. Looks good. I am OK with that. The encode time is in the 5 to 6 hour window right now which is tolerable. Thank you. If you have any further suggestions or questions for me, let me know. Especially important if you do not wish to keep re-encoding the same asset over and over to achieve a desired result. Then encoding Aliens at the same CQ will result in a massive file. That is because Aliens video is extremely noisy, and CQ will ramp up the bitrate to preserve this noise.
I think the only way around this is to just limit it with ABR, so you still get reasonable output without several re-encode attempts tweaking CQ each time. Hi guys and gals, I have a quick question. The CPU certainly does make a difference. Thank you for your detailed guide to handbrake. This is the kind of general but technical guide I was looking for. Could you please explain what is the difference in behaviour between using default vs bob as decomb option?
Assuming interlaced DVDs as input of course.
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Thanks in advance. It takes a half frame say, all the odd lines and just doubles all the lines, then does the same for the next half-frame say, all the even lines. You also technically retain all the detail since no fields were dropped. Note that personal preferences vary. Your best bet is to try a source with both options, watch it up-close on a massive TV and see if you can tell any difference. Handbrake has some pretty complex custom settings if you want to delve in further. Thanks Matt for your reply regarding Bob vs Default. I decided to make a trial with a TV series The good wife.
I set Detelecine to default and just changed Decomb to Default vs Bob. It was very difficult to see a difference, but I perceived that Bob is a little bit better with scenes transitions and with action scenes whereas Default did better with overall noise. Both files where exactly the same size BTW. One weird thing that happened was a green line at the right of screen.
I was using automatic cropping and seems like it used 6 at left and 4 at right. I repeated entering 6 at right too and the green line was gone. I then used Manual Cropping and enter 0 an all options and there was no green line. It just happened if both detelecine and decomb are selected with automatic cropping and strict. Not happened with the same but loose anamorphic option. Variable Frame Rate always. Hello Matt, I really appreciate this guide, it has really saved me. Am I going to lose something here? If I happened to miss something that explained this, I apologize, and feel free to ignore this.
Thank you again!! If cropping is set to automatic, it may just be cropping off black bars from the top and bottom. In the case you mentioned it might be chopping off 98 from the top and 98 from the bottom. Thanks for the super fast and detailed reply, it helped a lot. But anyways, I think you are right that its chopping off the sides. I actually made a mistake and said height instead of width..
Everything seems fine though. I have been looking for a guide like this for six years now. Awesome, awesome, awesome. Thank you! Thanks for this. Really explains a lot. I was wondering what you would suggest a setting to be for encoding to MP4. Put simply, I have to stick to the 4gb file limit regardless of how long in duration each individual video file I have is.
Any advice you could offer on the best settings for a guaranteed 4gb and under file output, would be greatly appreciated. So if you were aiming for a 3. You can, incidentally, calculate it manually but the online calculators save time here. I encoded the same blu-ray tv show episide at 2 speeds that are next to each other on the Preset slider.
If you encode using average bitrate which essentially fixes the filesize , slower settings eek out more quality in that same filesize. Bitrate is certainly a measure of how much data there is per second. Watch them both both should look ugly enough that which one is better should be obvious. The 2nd one has a smaller filesize and a lower bitrate since we set those manually via the bitrate , so less data stored.
A black scene fadeout will often be very low. And a highly lit scene with a lot of detail will often be quite high. Even when comparing the same scene between sources: Anyway, hopefully some of that helps a bit. Hi Matt. First of, I love your guide! It really helped me converting my mkv anime to a mp4 with the ideal file size while keeping up with the quality. Very Slow Tune: Film Profile: High Level: Can you please help me out? Thank you very much. I suppose you might be able to get away with a little resizing too if all else fails and filesize is of the upmost importance.
Of course, your best bet is to try and encode from the original source if at all possible. I think I sorta see the more efficiency given more time give a better video stream but the smaller size at the same time just makes my head hurt — less physical bits should mean less information is being stored…. It depends on the context. In the basic form: I typically want good quality, good sound if possible and have the time to wait. Pick two. Many of these are documentaries. Quality No.
Can you please suggest some settings or variations I could try? Try a quick test encode using Greyscale to see if it helps at all. Beyond that, grainy video is always tough to deal with. Hey Matt! Thanks for the quick response. I have, however, used the grayscale box on both. Also, I almost always play my videos on VLC to check them and these two definitely are horribly pixelated in parts of the film, but not throughout the film. In any case, I will go back and try again, following your instructions, exactly.
All righty then — I guess I will go with the mantra that the slower presets will yield better quality video so based on my timings at least for tv show episods from blu-ray I will go with Medium. I found another MediaInfo tip — check the video bitrate. Any thoughts? Are there other options I should change the preset from Medium to something else?
Change the rf again up or down? What I would do in that situation is find the time code of one of those troubled areas, and do a bunch of 60 second test encodes at different settings. With the time set to that 60 second period, try with the same settings you used for the full encode first just to make sure the result of the test encode is the same. Then try with the RF set to 10 something a little more extreme like 10 will generally help rule out it being an issue with the RF value. When watching 4: Consider that movies have generally been filmed in widescreen. Anyway, by cropping, you risk cutting off detail important to the scene.
Couple examples to show you what I mean:. Example 1: In the fullscreen version of the DVD, you only see Bruce and the person to the left and the right. Example 2: Any cropping starts chopping them off. Or if you were trying to strike a balance between cropping and very slight stretching, you could combine cropping with a custom aspect ratio.
I personally recommend against it, but everyone has their own preferences here, and if being widescreen is a pro that outweighs the cons for you, by all means, give it a try and see if you prefer it. For most 4: Thanks for the guide, I am using Handbrake 0. Can you give me a quick tip on how to go about doing this please? My original video is an mp4 video, the bit rate is , frame width is and frame height is In the video section, use Average Bitrate — not Constant Quality. Encode a test video and see how it looks.
You may want to do some denoising from within Picture Settings — picture will get softer but overall quality will likely improve. Keep in mind that the video will probably end up being a little over kbps due to the overhead of the container, so depending on how strict that kbps limit is, you might have to undershoot your bitrate a little. Once the slow version is done and working, the others will seem much easier. You can essentially up the average bitrate, increase the audio bitrate, restore some video resolution, reduce denoising, etc to hit each mark.
Each DS disc is 10 episodes in a single 3. I began to notice as I worked through a disc that when the credits rolled and I hit next chapter it started jumping into the next ep instead of right at the beginning sometimes off by upwards of 2 minutes. I then put the new. For some reason, I thought that the. Instead of converting to. Let me know how it goes. Hi, I am using Handbrake to recode a collection of academy award movies from my hard drive to mp4. My issue is that most of the time Handbrake puts the TS folder files into one MP4 file, but on some movies it will only allow me to re-code one vob file at a time.
All settings are left at default and the only change is the movie itself. Any input on how to get around this? Great write up! I have a question though. My issue seems to be buffering during play back, and with so many settings that can be changed, is there anything I should hone in on? I am streaming wirelessly, but with 5ghz N, and I have tried the apple tv3 preset, and my next test will be using your recommended settings from above. The device receiving the stream is a Minix Neo x8-h Android device. My point is, all very new hardware, which should perform well, but I still havent limited things down to what could be causing the buffering.
Doing a test encode at a much lower bitrate or higher RF value could help rule this out. The other possibility is that the encode is too complex for one of the devices to decode in realtime. To attempt to rule this out, try a test encode at H. Using Win64 frontend 0. If so, how?
Thus far have only gotten VBR results. Wow , great guide s. Well done. Exactly what I needed to get started on handbrake. My question relates to picture settings. Anamorphic Loose in the Picture Settings would be the easiest way to go about doing this while maintaining the aspect ratio. Of course, a lower resolution might not look so great if you play back that file on a p TV, computer, or any other larger device down the road so keep that in mind.
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On the other hand, if your device is decoding through software, some tweaks might help. Matt, Your guide including the comments section has become my go to resource. Can you comment on on 3 areas. Is this a transcoding horsepower issue laptop i5 1. The HB wiki https: What is happening at negative settings and how does that relates to picture quality? You commment that at denoise ;10 softness and motion smear become problems- are these settings linear or more like the video quality rate factor?
I am trying custom denoise of 1;1;7;7 - any thoughts? There is nothing inherently negative about that one unless pushed to extreme values. Others have found it works very well for them, so feel free to give it a try if you think you have a video it might help. You could try pushing the temporal to 10 as well, but watch for signs of ghosting. This is one of those areas where you pretty much have to trial-and-error it out because different sources require different settings, and your own personal preference is going to be the driving factor.
Lots of small test encodes as you tweak settings is the way to go. Extremely useful and informative guide. My encodes were playing back with stutter on motion. After reading through this tutorial I lowered my profile level from 5. I assumed setting it my profile to the max 5. My files now stream and play back smoothly and naturally on image movement. I managed to find the best settings for converting. Hi there, Love the website…has been so helpful thank you.
Sometimes no compression is needed so obviously no issue there. However, when there is compression, I have no idea what their settings are…but does it really matter? Another way of asking this question is there a bitrate average — file size determined to I had to watch your very well done video to understand it. Good job man! I used handbrake on a movie with a file size of 1. Hey Matt, thank you for this informative site. Recently I ran into an oddity: The original file length was It played fine but I noticed the converted version is about 8 seconds shorter. Thanks for all of your tips and info.
Love the guides for handbrake as they have come in handy for down and dirty quick conversions! I was wondering if you are going to delve into the H.
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I imagine the RF would be the same as for H. I was doing a full copy but files are awful big and 12TB is not a lot of room for over sets counting things like MASH: Martinis and Medicine as 1. I was really hoping the codec would improve quality and decrease file size which is exactly what it should do but in my testing i have not found this, at least in Handbrake. I usually end up with similar file sizes as or not very noticeable differences in quality. A lot of brilliant people have spent a lot of time working to make it the amazing encoder that it is.
I suspect it may take awhile before it handily beats out the current x implementation. Encoding the same source My thinking is they should be the same quality. Like everyone else, I just want to leave a note of thanks for explaining the settings on Handbrake. I am a novice when it comes to encoding videos.
Optimizing Handbrake for Faster Video Conversion
I have noted on many guides, including this one, that the recommended RF setting at least as a starting point is 20 or Anyway, the point has always been made that this setting should be determined based on two factors: While that is true, I think it is also important to consider the resolution of the video. As the resolution decreases and the file size falls , the quality has to be increased to make up for the lower resolution.
So one must encode at this low resolution. At that resolution, the quality is horrible when played on a p widescreen, which scales the picture back up to p. To compensate, the quality must be increased by lowering the RF setting. I found a value of is preferred. I usually use 7, where a 2 hour movie will result in a 1GB video file.
This will give you something that is not too much below p quality, despite scaling up the video from a far lower resolution. In conclusion: This means the TV will scale up the low resolution back to p and the quality is horrible.
How to do it
So increase the quality by decreasing the compression, and lower the RF to 10 for a small file or 5 for a larger file. Thanks for the insight! Examine the source closely pause a scene that showed heavy banding after encoding. If neither of those work, sometimes the only thing aside from trying ridiculous RF values that retains a nice gradient is using a bit version of x, or possibly a look into x Thank you very much Matt for your great guide!
Default, Decomb: So I tried to test with different options there, and now I have found settings that has been working every time if I find that those default settings are producing choppy playback:. With those settings I am getting smooth video playback. If I look closely, the picture smooths a bit during rapid camera movement, but that is hard to notice, and I value smooth video playback every time over choppy video playback with always-sharp picture. Over the past two years, I have been using the Avg. Bitrate setting in Handbrake rather than Constant Quality.
My average bitrate settings were always kbps for Blu-rays and kbps for DVDs. After reading all the comments on this site, I decided to give the switch to Constant Quality a try. It seems to me that the outcome is less predictable with RF settings than what I am accustomed to with the average bitrate. Just out of curiosity, has anything changed since the 0. A few notable exceptions:. I did a bit of looking into both avcodec and FDK, and FDK seems to be considered the higher quality one more often than not, as it is supposed to retain some lower frequency data a little better and has apparently been considered an alternative successor?
Thanks for the quick reply! Handbrake on OSX use one of the best aac encoders out there, but the default on Windows is unfortunately not good. The FDK encoder is superior, and the inclusion of it in Handbrake is in my view the biggest improvement in Handbrake for many years. Well, that the inbuilt x presets are available is up there as well, but it was possible to manually configure the video settings to something good before that, while it was completely impossible to get descent audio without using ridiculously high bitrates.
Hey there. Just wanted to ask where we could see the codes Handbrake uses when encoding e. I wanted to ask how Handbrake makes it work even if it changes to for some reason , which is why I was asking where to see the codes it uses while encoding. You can get a notion of the x settings it uses by looking through the encode logs though, and translate to x If that is indeed the case, the way to mimic it would be to resize the video via another program in your toolchain before the video hits x Feeling really frustrated here.
It's a multi-platform and totally free tool you should not miss. This article will share the best Handbrake settings for general tasks, like Handbrake picture settings, quality settings, iPad 2 output settings, and Handbrake settings for media library. Good to good, crap to crap. The video output is mainly depended by the quality of your input source. You can't get a much better video quality if your original video quality is terrible.
Quality definitely differs among low, medium and high, but low isn't going to make your video look like crap either. All your options are designed to be watch-able, but the bigger the screen the higher you'll want to set the quality. When in doubt, Medium is always a good choice. If you're encoding for your portable device, be sure to check its encoding specifications like resolution, frame rate, bit rate, etc. Please double-check this especially when you want to put a long movie to your portable device.
Or you can use a short movie to have a test. Handbrake settings are not an exact science, as perception of quality varies from person to person, from application to application. The size options allow you to reduce the dimensions of your movie. The Keep Aspect Ratio option makes it possible that the Width or Height setting changes and the other setting will follow, maintaining the same aspect ratio as the source movie. For a widescreen movie, the Width will be or There are 4 items in the Anamorphic drop-down list. The Strict option ensures that the aspect ratio conforms exactly to the ratio of the original movie.
A Loose setting alters the dimensions so they are more efficiently encoded. Smokerz Smokerz. Desktops Speciality level out of ten: Try a few short encode at different bit rates and decide. Reply Helpful Thread reply - more options Link to this Post. AceofTexas AceofTexas. I use the AppleTV preset and bump up the audio to 2. If the movie is one that I love and will enjoy the surround sound and high quality I leave it in that format and add it to iTunes, other wise I use VisualHub and set the file to re-process the video to "standard" quality and it lowers the file size to a forth of the original size and honestly the video quality is the same but the audio goes from dolby surround to stereo.
Then I add it to iTunes. This results in a 90 minute movie taking a little over 2GB of space. I am not that concerned with size and would rather have quality. I have been very impressed with the quality of my conversions. I have not tried converting any HD material however.
Rudegar Rudegar. Apple TV Speciality level out of ten: I am admittedly very new to this- just got my ATV after Jobs announced rentals and then happened upon the idea after reading here to move some owned material to my ATV.